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10 Types of Drug Rehab Programs

The objective behind drug rehab programs is to treat substance abuse and improve mental and physical health. Different centres provide either traditional or contemporary methods that can be effective in recovery. However, most methodologies focus on aftercare, therapy, withdrawal, etc.

Here are ten drug rehab programs showcasing different interventions –

1.      Animal-assisted therapy

Studies indicate caring for animals can positively improve mental health. It stimulates the recovery process and helps the person rebuild connections with their surroundings. Animals are like a friend or family that reduces isolation and depression. The method may lead to long-term sobriety.

2.      Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

It is a traditional approach where the therapy influences thoughts and emotions. The idea is to effectively change the thought process that leads to addiction and drug abuse.

3.      Detoxification

Detoxification involves a structured approach where the treatment closely monitors a patient’s withdrawal tendencies and medication response. It is stretched over a fixed period. However, it is not a treatment process but an additional service that aids the recovery.

4.      Family Systems Theory

The addiction treatment takes into account the impact drug abuse has on families. It works closely with individual members. The process uses short-term, focused methods and active interaction in the family system to solve the problem.

5.      Group Therapy

Drug treatment often benefits from peer support and positive feedback to counter triggers. The cost of treatment through group sessions also goes down. People help each other stay sober and recover. Group therapy is commonplace in several inpatient and outpatient treatment facilities. Private therapists also recommend group sessions alongside individual treatment.

6.      Harm Reduction Model

Harm reduction techniques aim to dissuade patients from indulging in self-harm or dangerous behaviour. Substance abuse may lead to recklessness, including driving under the influence, sexual aggression, sharing needles leading to blood-borne diseases, etc. The programs provide safety nets to reduce the number of drugs consumed by developing safer alternatives. These include needle exchange programs, options to avoid DUI, providing condoms, etc.

7.      Inpatient Addiction Treatment

The patients stay at the treatment facility, where they can suppress their temptations while receiving treatment. The main focus is no reaching sobriety and eliminating any distractions. Patients also feel immersed in a safe and healthy environment at the centre, which accelerates their treatment.

8.      Medication-assisted Treatment

Medication is a standard drug treatment method to induce withdrawal, avoid relapse, control temptations, and address any psychological issues. Facilities and treatment centres commonly use opioids, benzodiazepines, alcohol for recovery.

9.      Motivational Interviewing

As opposed to the other treatment methods, motivation interviewing does not confront the patient. Instead, it uses strategies to reflect and develop a resistance to help clients realize the cons of drug abuse. They see the benefits of treatment and develop the will to reduce continual drug consumption.

10.  Rehabilitation

Addiction rehabilitation programs generally treat psychoactive substance addictions, including illicit drugs like cocaine and heroin. Rehab aims to treat people to reduce any compulsive substance abuse and, subsequently, any reckless behaviour that arises from it. The patient should reach their optimum functionality to sustain life and daily activities.

Other Recovery Treatments

Apart from the ten mentioned treatment procedures, several other drug rehab programs combine psychiatry and medicine to cure addiction. Some unique techniques are Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy, Equine therapy, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, Eye Movement Desensitization, Reprocessing, etc. Treatments have evolved and diversified to treat patients at an individual level and recover completely.

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